Some of the ladies served in administrative duties in the mainland or close to combat zones. Such was the case of Technician Fourth Grade (T/four) Carmen Contreras-Bozak who belonged to the 149th Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps. The 149th Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Post Headquarters Company was the primary WAAC Company to go overseas, setting sail from New York Harbor for Europe in January 1943. The unit arrived in Northern Africa on January 27, 1943 and rendered overseas duties in Algiers within General Dwight D. Eisenhower’s theater headquarters, T/4. Carmen Contreras-Bozak, a member of this unit, was the first Hispanic to serve within the U.S. Women’s Army Corps as an interpreter and in quite a few administrative positions.
Another was Lieutenant Junior Grade María Rodríguez Denton, the primary woman from Puerto Rico who became an officer within the United States Navy as a member of the WAVES. The Navy assigned LTJG Denton as a library assistant on the Cable and Censorship Office in New York City. It was LTJG Denton who forwarded the news to President Harry S. Truman that the warfare had ended.
The Americanization means of Puerto Rico also hindered the tutorial alternatives for the women of Puerto Rico since academics were imported from the United States and colleges were not allowed to conduct their instruction utilizing the Spanish language. Women who belonged to the wealthier families were in a position to attend non-public faculties either in Spain or the United States, but those who had been less fortunate labored as housewives, in home jobs, or within the so-referred to as needle industry. Women such as Nilita Vientós Gastón, defended the usage of the Spanish language in colleges and in the courts of Puerto Rico, earlier than the Supreme Court, and won. Nilita Vientós Gaston was an educator, writer, journalist and later became the first female lawyer to work for the Department of Justice of Puerto Rico. Cover of The San Juan News announcing the choice on Gonzales v. Williams during which Puerto Ricans were not declared to be alien immigrants when touring to the United States.
The case was argued in courtroom by Isabel González, a Puerto Rican girl. In 1868, many Puerto Rican women participated in the uprising often known as El Grito de Lares.
Over 1,000 functions were acquired for the unit, which was to be composed of only 200 women. The Puerto Rican WAC unit, Company 6, 2nd Battalion, 21st Regiment of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps, a segregated Hispanic unit, was assigned to the New York Port of Embarkation, after their basic coaching at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. They have been assigned to work in military workplaces that planned the cargo of troops all over the world. In her guide Los hechos desconocidos she denounced the corruption, abuses and unhealthy practices in the municipal hospital of San Juan.
Gonzale’s publication convinced James R. Beverly, the Interim Governor of Puerto Rico, to sign Ley seventy seven in May 1930. The law established a Nurses Examining Board liable for setting and implementing standards of nursing education and practices. It also stipulated that the Board of Medical Examiners embrace two nurses. The passage of Ley seventy seven proved that girls can operate both in the formal public sphere while working in a female oriented subject. In 1978, González turned the first recipient of the Public Health Department of Puerto Rico « Garrido Morales Award. » Women such as Ana Roque de Duprey opened the academic doorways for the ladies within the island. In 1884, Roque was offered a instructor’s place in Arecibo, which she accepted.
In 1965, Franco was named Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Navy Paul Henry Nitze by the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson. Some Puerto Rican women who served in the navy went on to turn out to be notable in fields exterior of the navy. Among them are Sylvia Rexach, a composer of boleros, Marie Teresa Rios, an author, and Julita Ross, a singer.
That same 12 months the Army Nurse Corps determined to simply accept Puerto Rican nurses so that Army hospitals would not should take care puerto rican females of the language limitations. Thirteen women submitted functions, were interviewed, underwent physical examinations, and were accepted into the ANC.
Eight of those nurses have been assigned to the Army Post at San Juan, where they had been valued for their bilingual talents. Five nurses have been assigned to work at the hospital at Camp Tortuguero, Puerto Rico. Among the nurses was Second Lieutenant Carmen Lozano Dumler, who turned one of many first Puerto Rican feminine military officers. Army sent recruiters to the island to recruit no more than 200 women for the Women’s Army Corps .
She also enrolled at the Provincial Institute the place she studied philosophy and science and earned her bachelor’s degree. Roque de Duprey was a suffragist who based « La Mujer », the primary « women’s only » journal in Puerto Rico. She was one of the founders of the University of Puerto Rico in 1903. From 1903 to 1923, three of each 4 University of Puerto Rico graduates have been women passing the academics training course to become academics within the island’s colleges.